Electoral College Repeal

LFDA Editor

In Brief: 

  • The Electoral College, not the popular vote, decides who holds the presidency.
  • In most states, including New Hampshire, the candidate who wins the vote within that state wins its electors.
  • Following the 2000 presidential election, several states passed legislation granting their Electoral College votes to the candidate who receives the most votes nationally.
  • Pro: The Electoral College system causes candidates to focus unduly on a handful of battleground states, and can result in a candidate winning the election despite losing the popular vote.
  • Con: Granting Electoral College votes to the candidate who wins the national popular vote could result in New Hampshire’s votes going to a candidate who was not supported by its electorate. 

Issue Facts: 

When all is said and done, it's the Electoral College vote -- not the popular vote -- that decides the presidency. Some states are considering legislation that essentially bypasses the Electoral College. Should New Hampshire join in?

The Electoral College is made up of 538 electors from the all of the states. New Hampshire has four of those electors.  The candidate who wins the vote in a state wins the electors. The candidate who wins the most electors nationally wins the presidency.

In the 2000 presidential election, Democrat Al Gore received 50,999,897 votes; Republican George Bush received 50,456,002. In the Electoral College count, however, Bush tallied 271 electors to Gore's 266.  Bush became the president.

Following that controversy, some states passed the National Popular Vote bill.  That bill awards the state's Electoral College votes to the candidate who receives the most votes nationally, not the candidate who wins the state.

According to the National Popular Vote website, eleven states and Washington, D.C. have passed the National Popular Vote bill.

PROS & CONS

"For" Position

By LFDA Editor

Supporters of the National Popular Vote bill say the current Electoral College system is confusing and causes candidates to focus unduly on a handful of battleground states with high elector counts, such as Florida.

"Against" Position

By LFDA Editor

Critics of the National Popular Vote bill say it could create even more confusing scenarios than exist now.  For example, the candidate that wins nationally might lose in New Hampshire. In that case, the state's four electoral votes would still go to the national-winning candidate who was not supported by Granite State voters.

LEGISLATIVE HISTORY

Killed in the House

Apportions the state's presidential electors so that two at-large presidential electors shall cast their ballots for the presidential and vice-presidential candidates who received the highest number of votes in the state, and congressional district presidential electors shall cast their ballots for the presidential and vice-presidential candidates who received the highest number of votes in their respective congressional districts.

Killed in the House

"National Popular Vote Bill," an interstate agreement to elect the President by national popular vote.

Killed in the House

"National Popular Vote Bill," an interstate agreement to elect the President by national popular vote.

Killed in the House

Resolution urging Congress to propose a constitutional amendment to abolish the Electoral College.

Passed

Expresses support for preserving the Electoral College.

Killed in the House

"National Popular Vote Bill," an interstate agreement to elect the President by national popular vote.

Should NH pass legislation to bypass the Electoral College?

LEAVE A COMMENT

Log in or register to post comments

Issue Status

Two moves to alter how New Hampshire allocates its electoral votes were killed in the House this year: HB 447, calling for allocation of the state's four electors to be based on the winner of the national popular vote and HB 231, which would have split New Hampshire's electors rather than tying them to the overall state popular vote.

CONTACT ELECTED OFFICIALS » 

Here in NH, your opinion counts. We make it easy to find and reach out to your elected officials about the issues that matter most to you. Click to search and contact your elected officials!

Join CCNH-LFDA

Join our constantly growing community. Membership is free and supports our efforts to help NH citizens become informed and engaged. 

JOIN TODAY ▸

©2017 Live Free or Die Alliance | The Live Free or Die Alliance is a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization.